But if there are words that intervene — especially a noun in the plural — Spanish speakers are inconsistent in the verbs they use. The authorities also disagree on the correct choice of verb. Note the following examples, all of which have been found through a search of the main Spanish-language websites: Some authorities indicate that the choice of singular or plural verbs depends on whether it refers more to the group or individual entities that make up the group. But as you can see in the examples above, no such distinction is made in real language. However, there is a rule of grammar that is clear: if the collective noun is immediately followed by a verb, the noun is treated as a singular. 1. If we have only one subject, the verb in number and in person corresponds to that. In the following sentences, the theme is bold. In Spanish, it is very common to see sentences in which the verb corresponds to nosotros (as) and vosotros (as)/ustedes, but these do not come in pronomic form, but as nouns. Here are some examples: In Spanish, second-person pronouns use their own unique forms of verbs; Third-party pronouns share forms of verbs with third-party pronouns; see z.B. above. Concordancia is the harmonious combination of elements in a single sentence. There are two types of agreements (Concordancia) in Spanish: nominal concordancia (Noun agreement) and verbal concordancia (verb-agreement).
Let`s look at some rules for the Concordancia verbally. 2. If we are subject compuesto (two or more subjects) the verb must be in plural form. In our next article, we`ll see some special cases of verb agreement in espaol, okay. Collective nouns – individual names that refer to more than one being or thing – are not systematically treated in Spanish as singular or plural. Salieron juntos you papé y mi teo. [Your father and uncle left together.] you papé y mi teo – ellos (3rd person plural) Los medicos gan`is mucha plata los profesores somos muy mal remunerados. [Your doctors make a lot of money, but we teachers are very underpaid.] El niéo duerme tranquilo. [The boy sleeps well.] Juan y te serén buenos amigos.
[You and Juan are probably good friends.] Juan y t`usualtedes (3rd plural person – Latin American Spanish) Las ni`as jugaban a la rayuela. [The girls were playing Hopscotch.] Pasaron por mi casa los abuelos de Nacho. [Nacho`s grandparents have returned home. – Remember that in Spanish, we can reverse the position of the subjects.] English/Spanish teacher and translator for more than 20 years. I`ve been blogging since 2007 and I`m also a professional singer in my spare time. Note: bone pronouns refer to a couple/group, all male or mixed; – as couple/group pronouns which are all women. Té y yo no tenemos nada en comén. [You and I have nothing in common.] T`y yo – nosotros (1st plural person) Los artistas tenéis una vida muy agitada. [You artists have a very hectic life.]