If the “backstop of Northern Ireland” occurs, the UK will have to remain in line with the EU internal market rules for goods with regard to Northern Ireland. This allows northern Ireland businesses to place unrestricted products in the EU internal market. Companies in Northern Ireland must make use of these bodies for products subject to authorisations or certificates from an EU regulator if they wish to export to the EU-27. However, if EU legislation requires verification of physical premises, businesses in Northern Ireland can use the BRITISH authorities for this purpose. That would apply, for example. B, on-site inspections required for medicines. The UK authorities should apply EU legislation for these inspections. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution.
It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement.